Afghanistan: Enduring Occupation
«The United States is a global power with important geopolitical interests all over the world, and therefore must preclude others from controlling crucial areas, particularly Europe, Northeast Asia, the coast of East Asia, the Middle East and Southwest Asia. Asia in particular is emerging as a region capable of large-scale military competition. It is possible that a military rival with a formidable resource base will emerge in the region. Our armed forces must maintain their capabilities to impose the will of the United States on any adversary (be it a state or non-state entity), so as to change the regime of an adversary state or to occupy a foreign territory where till now US objectives have not been realized».
• more than 170,000 dead and 180,000 seriously injured;
• an official cost, on the part of the US alone, of around 830 billion dollars (more than 40 times the GDP of Afghanistan); plus
• other enormous costs that are not recorded.
Note of the French Translator, Marie Ange PatrizioAccording to the Ministry of Defence’s website (cf. Les chiffres clés de la Défense, édition 2016) « the 2016 budget for the Defense Mission (excluding pensions) had increased to 32.08 million euro. This is almost 700 million euro more than 2015 » and to 42.3 million euro, (when pensions, civil and military research for defense are included), representing 13.7% of the State’s general budget.The July 2016 statistics (military personnel of the armies, management and services) and a list of countries (unmistakably, fifteen) where the French army (air, land and sea) is engaged, are as follows:
1- Foreign Operations: 6070 - 6270.
Central African Republic (Sangaris) 350, Sahel (Barkhane): 3,500; Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Atalanta: 150 to 350; Protection Team Operating in the Indian Ocean (EPE): 70; the Levant (Chammal) 1,000; Lebanon (Daman) 900; and the Gulf of Guinea (Corymbe) 100.
2- « Other participations (UN/EU/NATO) » : 155 - 300.
Mali (EUTM + MINUSMA): 30 - 100; RCA (EUMAM + MINUSCA): 20 – 30; Western Sahara (MINURSO) 5 – 15; DR Congo (MONUSCO + EUSEC): 5.5 to 15; Liberia (MINUL) and Sinaï (FMO) 5 – 10; Ivory Coast (ONUCI): 10 – 50; and EUNAVFOR Med: 80.
3- « Permanent Missions / French Forces (outside Opex) » : 3,700 troops:
Djibouti (FFDJ) 1,450; Ivory Coast (FFCI) 900; Senegal (EFS) 350; United Arab Emirates (FFEAU) 650; and Gabon (EFG) 350.
Il Manifesto (Italy)